Loom knitting is a popular and ancient art that has been around for years now. This art form makes use of specialized knitting looms, which are circular rings made of metal or plastic fabrication and have standing pegs all around the ring. These rings are available in a variety of sizes and you can select one based on your requirements.
The following instructions can be followed to create a hat or a beanie cap using a knitting loom.
Thread the Loom
To start, tie a slip knot and tie the yarn around one side of the peg in the ring. Try to bring the yarn in between the first and last peg on the loom. Make sure the pegs on the ring are facing your right hand side.
Once that's done, bring the yarn behind the first peg and wrap it tightly to the front and back of the peg carefully. Now that the yarn is conveniently wrapped around the 1st peg, swiftly move the yarn to the 2nd peg and wrap it likewise. Notice you are working around the loom in a clockwise direction and counterclockwise around the pegs.
Remember this point carefully in the lessons of loom knitting, while you thread the yarn, do not pull it too tightly. You will simply wreck the tool or ruin the design somehow. In a similar fashion, go around the loom threading the yarn and wrapping it a number of times.
Working on the Loom
After you are done with the threading, use a safe and easy loom tool, to pick up the first wrapped yarn around peg 1. Bring that yarn over to the top of the remaining loop and also to the top of the peg. Once you finish working on peg 1, move to peg 2, and continue to loom knit in the same fashion.
The moment you reach the last peg on the loom, unwrap the yarn that is holding the initial peg. After unwrapping that yarn, begin to wrap another row of loops on each and every peg. Keep working in this manner for about 30 rows (for an adult's hat), and 25 rows (for a child's hat).
Finishing the Hat
Here you start working at the bottom yarn loop by knitting up over the loom peg. Make sure you leave just one loop on every peg. Pull out the working yarn from the holding peg and precisely measure a 3 foot tail. Cut it.
Use the remaining tail to pull out the rest of the loops off the loom pegs. So to begin with cut out the tail onto the plastic craft needle and double its thickness. Start off with peg 1, and slowly remove the yarn off the loom peg to the needle.
Carry on with this process until all the loops are carefully placed on the tail. The moment they all are there on the tail, turn the loom knitted hat inside out and gently cinch the hat to close it. The closing end must be stitched across neatly. Fold the left out tail into half, gently tie a knot, and trim out all the edges. Your hat is ready now.
Make sure that you consider the wearer's choice before starting off on any knitting or crocheting project. In the case of a hat, the choices may differ from person to person. Some may like it as a beanie, some like having a lot of extra fabric around the brim of the hat, and many others like covering their ears, thus a ear-flap could be best, and so on.
Steps mentioned here will make your basics about knitting stronger. Once you are sure of these, you can move on to more complex styles of loom knitting like figure eight, zig-zag stitch, basic rectangle, double knitting on long loom, etc.